Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution


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1. Introduction

Nominated members. The Parliament may, from time to time, by a two-thirds absolute majority vote, appoint a person other than a member to be a nominated member of the Parliament. Qualifications for and disqualifications from membership. General elections. If the office of an elected member of the Parliament becomes vacant otherwise than by virtue of Section 2 b normal term of office , an election shall be held to fill the vacancy unless the vacancy occurs— a within the period of 12 months before the fifth anniversary of the date fixed for the return of the writs for the previous general election; or b after the writ has been issued for an election under Section 1 general elections and before the day fixed for the return of that writ, writs for a general election are issued, the first-mentioned writ shall be deemed to have been revoked.

Offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker. Functions of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker. Subdivision D. General power of law-making. Certification as to making of laws. Right to introduce bills, etc.

by Graham, John

H Protection of Elections from Outside or Hidden Influence and Strengthening of Political Parties , any member of the Parliament is entitled to introduce into the Parliament, in accordance with, and subject to any reasonable restrictions contained in, the Standing Orders of the Parliament, a petition, question, bill, resolution or motion. Presiding in the Parliament.


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Voting in the Parliament. H Protection of Elections from Outside or Hidden Influence and Strengthening of Political Parties may restrict the voting rights of a member of the Parliament in certain circumstances. Parliamentary privileges, etc. Disallowance of subordinate laws. Treaties, etc. Permanent Parliamentary Committees. C the Public Accounts Committee ; and b such other committees as are determined by the Parliament from time to time. Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen. H Protection of Elections from Outside or Hidden Influence and the Strengthening of Political Parties may provide that in certain circumstances a member of the Parliament is not eligible to be appointed to or hold the office of Chairman or Deputy-Chairman of a Permanent Parliamentary Committee.

Sessional Committees, Select Committees, etc. Nothing in this Subdivision prevents the Parliament from establishing Sessional or Select Committees or other committees for any purpose, or prevents the Parliament from sitting as a Committee of the Whole. Arrangement of Parliamentary business in relation to Committees. The business of the Parliament shall be so arranged as to allow reasonable time for committees of the Parliament to perform their functions adequately, and the Standing Orders of the Parliament shall make provision to ensure that such time is allowed either within or outside the sitting hours of the Parliament.

Membership of Parliamentary Committees. Each committee of the Parliament shall consist only of members of the Parliament, but nothing in this section prevents the establishment, by statute or otherwise, of commissions or committees of any other kind.

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Calling, etc. Subdivision H. Purposes of Subdivision H. In this Subdivision, "registered political party" means a political party or organization registered under an Organic Law made for the purpose of Section 1 a integrity of political parties. Integrity of political parties. Integrity of candidates.


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  • Provisions relating to political parties. The Parliamentary Service. Standing Orders.

    The Parliament may make Standing Orders and other rules and orders in respect of the order and conduct of its business and proceedings and the business and proceedings of its committees, and of such other matters as by law are required or permitted to be prescribed or provided for by the Standing Orders of the Parliament. Proceedings non-justiciable. Except as is specifically provided by a Constitutional Law, the question, whether the procedures prescribed for the Parliament or its committees have been complied with, is non-justiciable, and a certificate by the Speaker under Section certification as to making of laws is conclusive as to the matters required to be set out in it.

    Questions as to membership, etc. The National Court has jurisdiction to determine any question as to— a the qualifications of a person to be or to remain a member of the Parliament; or b the validity of an election to the Parliament. Validation of Acts of the Parliament. Where a person who has purported to sit or vote as a member of the Parliament at a meeting of the Parliament or of a committee of the Parliament— a was not duly qualified to be elected or appointed, or to continue, as a member of the Parliament; or b had vacated his office as a member of the Parliament, all things done or purporting to have been done by the Parliament or by the committee, as the case may be, shall be deemed to have been as validly done as if that person had, when so sitting or voting, been duly qualified to be elected or appointed or to continue as a member of the Parliament, or had not vacated his office, as the case may be.

    Acts of Indemnity. Division 4. Vesting of the executive power. Subject to this Constitution, the executive power of the People is vested in the Head of State, to be exercised in accordance with Division V. The National Executive.

    Conferring of powers, etc. Except where the contrary intention appears, nothing in this Constitution prevents an Organic Law or a statute from conferring or imposing powers, functions, duties or responsibilities on a person or authority outside the National Executive. Nature of the Ministry: collective responsibility. The Ministry is a Parliamentary Executive, and therefore— a no person who is not a member of the Parliament is eligible to be appointed to be a Minister, and, except as is expressly provided in this Constitution to the contrary, a Minister who ceases to be a member of the Parliament ceases to hold office as a Minister; and b it is collectively answerable to the People, through the Parliament, for the proper carrying out of the executive government of Papua New Guinea and for all things done by or under the authority of the National Executive; and c it is liable to be dismissed from office, either collectively or individually, in accordance with this Subdivision.

    The Prime Minister. H Protection of Elections from Outside or Hidden Influence and Strengthening of Political Parties may provide that in certain circumstances a member of the Parliament is not eligible to be appointed to or hold the office of Prime Minister. Acting Prime Minister. Other Ministers. H Protection of Elections from Outside or Hidden Influence and Strengthening of Political Parties may provide that in certain circumstances a member of the Parliament is not eligible to be appointed to or hold the office of Minister.

    Motions of no confidence.

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    The National Executive Council. The Secretary to the National Executive Council. Grant of pardon, etc. Advisory Committee on the Power of Mercy. Validity of executive acts. Division 5. The National Justice Administration. The National Judicial System. The Law Officers. Independence of the National Judicial System. Except to the extent that this Constitution specifically provides otherwise, neither the Minister responsible for the National Justice Administration nor any other person or authority other than the Parliament through legislation outside the National Judicial System has any power to give directions to any court, or to a member of any court, within that System in respect of the exercise of judicial powers or functions.

    Exercise of the judicial power. Tribunals, etc.

    The Annenberg Guide to the United States Constitution

    Establishment of the Supreme Court. Composition of the Supreme Court. Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. C constitutional interpretation ; and b Subdivision III. D enforcement ; and c Section the National Judicial System , and otherwise as provided by this Constitution or any other law. Establishment of the National Court. Composition of the National Court. The National Court shall consist of— a the Chief Justice; and b the Deputy Chief Justice; and c subject to Section 2 Acting Judges not less than four or more than six other Judges, or such greater number as is determined by or under an Act of the Parliament.

    Acting Judges. Jurisdiction of the National Court. Assistant Judges. Subject to this section, an Act of the Parliament may make provision for and in respect of the appointment of Assistant Judges of the National Court, and for and in respect of their qualifications, privileges, powers, functions, duties and responsibilities, and of their terms and conditions of employment. The qualifications for appointment as a Judge are as determined by or under an Act of the Parliament. Appointment, etc. Appointment of other Judges. Seniority of Judges. Establishment of other courts.

    Establishment of the Magisterial Service. Magistrates, etc. The Chief Magistrate.

    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution
    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution
    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution
    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution
    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution
    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution
    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution
    Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution Free, Sovereign, and Independent States: The Intended Meaning of the American Constitution

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